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Sunday, February 24, 2013

Trillium Sessile one of Missouri's Edible Wildflowers

Trillium is a fairly common wildflower in Missouri although some types are endangered throughout the country.  I've never seen Trillium prior to finding a large area of it near Caplinger Mills, Mo a few years ago.  American Indians used the root powder to stop bleeding during childbirth.  Its also been reported have been used to stop other forms of bleeding including nosebleeds. Some sources say the Native Americans drank tea for multiple ailments.  The bruised leaves are also used for boils or skin eruptions in the form of a poultice.
 The flower has three green leaves that sometimes appear mottled.  The flower is a deep, dark red color other types of trillium have white flowers and green flowers.  The trillium flower has three petals pointing straight up and open slightly as the flower ages.  The stamen is usually yellow.  Its common name is Wake Robin, toadshade.  HIGHLY EDIBLE TOO!!  The leaves taste like sunflower seeds and are a great addition to salads!

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